Networks Type, Types of Area Networks & Network Protocols Basic Knowledge in Hidni

Networks Type-Tutorial For Beginners in hindi

Networks Type – Networking se pehle network kya hai or iske kitne prakar aur protocols hai ke baare besic knowledge.

Networking ek sa platform hai jisme do ya do se adhik devices connected hoti hai or unka connect hone ka pupose aapas me kisi bhi data ko share karna hota hai.

Isme hum types of network ke baare me jaanenge

Network Computer Hardware aur computer software ka mixture hote hai. Matlab usme jo bhi devices hote hai who aapas me kisi bhi tareeke se matlab ki wired ya wireless ya physically connect hone to jaruri hote hai, saath hi software wise bhi use control krte hai, sirf physically connect krne ya hardware connect karne se hi do device kabhi communicate nhi kar sakti. Iske liye hame kuch na kuch software chahiye hota hai jisse ki we aapas me connect hokr communicate kar sake.

Ab types of networks ke jariye hum hamare network ko classified kar sakte hai jiske liye methods hai, inme se kuch methods niche diye gaye hai.

  1. Network Design

  2. Area Network

  3. Network Topology

  4. Network Protocols

  5. Wired or Wireless Networks

Lekin ye jaruri nahi ki hum hamari networks ki classification sirf inhi tareeke se kar sakte hai, iske alawa or bhi bahut saare methods hai jinse hum apne networks ki classifications kar sakte hai .

Jo sabse comman method hai, design ke hisaab se or area network ke hisab se iske alawa aap network topology kaunsi use kr rhe hai or Protocols me kis type ke protocols use krte hai, ya wired networks hai ya wireless network hai, is type se aap apne network ko deivide ya classified kar sakte hai.  jab aap kisi ko batana chahe ya aapse pucha jaae ki  kis type ka network hai to ye important heading ya important ways hai jinse aap networks ke types bata sakte hai.

Inme se jo Network design hai ek esa method hai jisme ki client server or peer to peer configuration hoti hai.

Dusra jo method hai who area network ke hisaab se. Jo Popular networks hai.

  1. Personal Area Network (PAN) – Ye ek bahut small area network hota hai jisme jese ki naam se hi pata lag raha hai. Iski jo maximum doori hoti hai 10 Mtr. ke aas pass ho sakti hai or isme bahut saari devices wired ya wireless ke jariye ek dusre se connected hoti hai. ye do computer ke bich me juda hua wired ya wireless connection ho sakta hai. Agar hum Keyboard ya mouse ko bhi connect karte hai to who bhi personal area network ka hissa ho sakte hai. Ise hum wired or wireless dono tarah se ise bana sakte hai, jo wired lane me connections hum use karenge who USB Or Firewire Connections use krenge. Isi tarah se wireless me jo connection use kr sakte hai, who Bluetooth or Infrared k dwara bhi  kar sakte hai. Isme jo devices use kar sakte hai unke examples hai- Personal Computers, printers, Fax Machines, Telephones, PDAs, Sanners, Headphones, Wireless Headphones etc.
  2. Local Area Network (LAN) – Ye network ek small office, building. school, home, computer laboratory me chota sa network hota hai jisme devices ek dusre se connected hoti hai. Isme jo network technology us hoti hai who Ethernet Technology kehlati hai.
  3. Metropolitan Area Network (MAN)- Ye ek local areas ke networks ka group hota hai. Ye local area networks ek hi company ke hone chahiye or ek city ki limit me hone chahiye matlab ki aapki company hai or uske kuch office branches alag-alag cities me hai or who sabhi kisi bhi devices se branches se communication krti hai. who Metropolitan Area Network me aate hai.
  4. Campus Area Network (CAN) Campus area network jisko ki corporate area network bhi bola jata hai ye bhi local area networks ka group hai. Lekin iski jo condition hai who  hai ki ye ek campus ke andar hona chahiye, matlab ki koi bhi university campus ho ya fir Government office or kuch kilometer me fele ho or sabhi buildings aapas me Local Area Network ke jariye connected ho. To ye ek Campus Area Network ban jata hai.
  5. Wide Area Network (WAN)- wide area network pure world me fela hua hai jiska exmaple hamara internet hai. jo world wide fela hai. jo bahut saare computers se aapas me connected hai. Worlds me bahut saare LAN, MAN, CAN sabhi aapas me connected hokr judte hai to who ek Wide Area Network banate hai.

Iske alawa bhi hum Topology ke hisaab se bhi networks ki classification kar sakte hai ki hum apne network me kis type ki topology use kar rahe hai. Kuch popular network topology ke naam niche diye gaye hai.

  1. BUS Networks Type, Types of Area Networks & Network Protocols Basic Knowledge in Hidni
  2. RingNetworks Type, Types of Area Networks & Network Protocols Basic Knowledge in Hidni
  3. StarNetworks Type, Types of Area Networks & Network Protocols Basic Knowledge in Hidni
  4. TreeNetworks Type, Types of Area Networks & Network Protocols Basic Knowledge in Hidni
  5. Mesh Networks Type, Types of Area Networks & Network Protocols Basic Knowledge in Hidni
  6. Hybrid Networks Type, Types of Area Networks & Network Protocols Basic Knowledge in Hidni

 

Iske alawa hum network protocols ke hisaab se bhi networks ki classifications kar sakte hai ki aap network protocols kis type ke use kar rahe hai.

Types of Protocols

  1. Proprietary (Novel, IPX, SPX)
  2. Open (TCP – IP)

Iske alawa ek or jo tareeka hai who is waqt kaafi popular hai wireless:

  1. Wi-fi Networks Type, Types of Area Networks & Network Protocols Basic Knowledge in Hidni

Is post ke jariye aap ye pata laga sakte hai ki aap kis network type ka use kar rhe hai.

Iske baad next Peer to peer Vs Client Server Network ke baare me post karunga.

Read this part 1. Network Basic Knowledge-What is Computer Network-allinoneclub.com

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